- Classification: according to the metabolic appointment and to
the duration of the performances.
^ Long duration endurance and subtypes (I - II - III).
^ Middle duration endurance.
^ Short duration endurance.
^ Speed endurance.
- Factors affecting endurance: Anatomy-physiological factors,
biochemical and metabolic factors, them correlations with capacity
and power: aerobics, anaerobic lactic and alactacid.
- Anaerobic threshold concept.
- The evaluation with maximal test (Cooper) or incremental tests
- The evolution during the life of the different endurance
- Means and methods of training: Continuous, interval-training
- Examples with specification of the training load for the
- Classification: Maximal strength (and relative strength),
speed strength, endurance strength.
- Anatomy-physiological performance factors: muscular, nervous,
- The evaluation of strength:
^ Maximal test and test with the repetition maximum (RM),
^ Field test for speed strength (standing jumps and throwing,
tools applied to the evaluation),
- The evolution during the life of strength and the gender
- Means and methods of training:
^ Natural load exercises,
^Weight training exercises for the various strength types,
* Concentric methods (maximal and sub maximal loads, series,
repetitions and contrast of loads)
* Pyramidal methods
* Eccentric and plyometric methods
* Isometric methods
* Hypertrophy methods (pre and post loaded)
* Electrical stimulation methods.
- The equipments for the strength training from the barbell to
the isotonic and isokinetic devices,
- The execution of correct exercises and the principles for the
prevention of injures.
Speed and rapidity.
- Classification: reaction time, cyclic and acyclic
- Factors of performance: muscular, nervous, and
- The evaluation: test of simple and complex motor reaction,
test of rapidity and speed run.
- The evolution during the life of the rapidity.
- Means and methods of training: the maximal exercises, the
decreased load methods to surpass the "speed barrier"
The coordinative abilities.
Classification: General and specific ability.
^ kinestetic and spatial differentiation ability,
^ space and time orientation ability
^ the ability of movement connection
^ static and dynamic balance ability
^ rhythm movement ability
^ motor adaptation ability
- Neuro-psychological factors basis of performance:
nervous system maturation,
^ receptors and afferent information,
^ motor patterns, memorization and connection,
^ new motor patterns elaboration and creation.
- Evaluation of the coordinative abilities.
- Evolution during the life and sensitive phases.
- Means and methods of training for the different abilities.
The technical and tactical preparation
- Background factors for the technique and tactic learning.
- The evaluation of the technique and tactic
- The motor patterns and the learning phases: raw coordination,
fine coordination, varying availability.
- The demonstration, the identification of the errors, the
correction and the other didactic interventions.
- Means and methods of training in the various phases of
learning, exercises: preliminary, fundamental, of improvement
phase, with difficult conditions.
The flexibility or joint mobility.
Classification: static and dynamics, passive and active
- Factors: bones, joints, muscular, nervous
- Evolution during the life and gender differences.
- Means and methods of training: static, dynamic, proprioceptive
neuromuscular facilitation (PNF).