Sport classification and performance models.
- Bioenergetics and biomechanical classifications.
- Classifications according to the technical
- Relationships among performance model, methodologies and
planning of the training.
General principles of the training.
- The parameters of the training load: Volume, Intensity,
- Definition of external and inner load.
- Differences among regulation of the physiological functions
during the exercise and consequent adaptation to a period of
- Load of training, recovery and adaptation: concept of
- Classification of the means of training: general, specific and
- The fundamental principles: continuity, progression,
load-recovery alternation, variety and succession of the load,
multilateral development, cyclical structure of the load, unity
among general and specialized training
- The pedagogic principles: methodological progress, stability,
evidence, adequacy, awareness.
- The training for the improvement of the performance, for the
physical efficiency and wellness.
The motor abilities.
- Definition and classification of the Physical and Coordinative
- Relationships among ability, motor skills and sport
- Evolution of the abilities and concept of sensitive phases for
the training planning.
The sport and motor ability evaluation.
- Definition and purposes of the evaluation:
^ Diagnostic (to study the characteristics and the performance
lacks of the subject),
^ To dosing the load of training,
^ To control the athlete performance state,
^ Prognostic tests as talent identification tools and the start
up to the different sport.
- The presuppositions of a test: reliability, objectivity,
validity, costs and times of execution.
- The procedural norms and the reference standardized norms (as
The organization of the training.
- Long term Planning.
- Elements to be considered in the layout of training plan.
- Biological factors and cyclic structure of the training plans
(crono-biology), concept of overtraining (differences between
overreaching and overtraining).
- High level of performance definition and purposes of the
- Macro-cycle: to peak performance, with two pecks (double
periodization), with more pecks.
- Phases of training: preparation, competition, transition.
- Modulation of the sub-phases: general, specific and
- Modulation of the parameters of the load during the phases:
volume, intensity, density.
- Models of periodization:
^ According to Matveev,
^ According to Tschiene for evolved athletes,
^ For the young people,
^ For the endurance, strength and speed sports, and for the team
- Objective of the intermediary cycles, models of meso-cycles:
3:1, 2:1, 1:1; increasing or lowering loads.
- The classification of Short time cycles or Micro-cycles during
the phases of training, pre-competition, competition, recovery and
their characterising load trends.